Although it challenged in various ways the political gradualism and economic planning of the traditional communist parties, the Cold War New Left did not really destabilize the development paradigm. In its most radical variants, such as the Guevarist Whatsapp Mobile Number List guerrillas, judging by Che Guevara's own socialist theory, they also thought of economic development in technological terms, from a modernizing perspective. There are no traces of indigenism in Guevara's thought and, despite his great admiration for Mariátegui, his idea of agrarian reform and national industrialization was closer to the ECLAC and dependency theses.
In a letter that he sent to Fidel Castro in March 1965, before moving to the Bolivian jungle, Guevara criticized the Soviet planning model, because from the Leninist New Economic Policy he encouraged capitalism, but he proposed accelerated Whatsapp Mobile Number List industrialization and assimilation of the Western technology that would allow Whatsapp Mobile Number List out of underdevelopment in a few years: "We cannot have an Empire State but we can have many advances that American skyscrapers have, we cannot have a General Motors, but we can have an organization similar to General Motors ».
Until the fall of the Berlin Wall and the disappearance of the Soviet bloc, in almost all the political families of the Latin American left (Varguistas and Peronists, Communists and democratic socialists, revolutionary nationalists and Apristas, Guevaristas and Fidelistas) Whatsapp Mobile Number List developmentalism predominated. Perhaps the first serious alternatives to that paradigm appeared within Liberation Theology promoted by a part of the Catholic movement after the Second Vatican Council. However, the approach to Marxism-Leninism of some of those theologians reinforced the modernizing angle of the left.